What is a kidney stone, and why do they form? Kidney stones are hard deposits of minerals, acid salts, calcium, oxalate, cystine, or phosphate and too little liquid that stick together in concentrated urine. Kidney stones can be painful when they pass through the urinary tract. Usually causes no permanent damage. They are mostly asymptomatic. Also known as nephrolithiasis (Kidney stone disease), a condition involving the formation of stone (renal calculi) within the kidneys, affects approximately 12% of the world population. Kidney stones are formed due to an unhealthy lifestyle and bad eating habits like unhealthy sleeping habits, drinking less amount of water, and a high intake of calcium, protein, and alcohol. The most common type of kidney stone is calcium oxalate and another one is uric acid stone. Calcium oxalate stones are made up of deposition of calcium in kidneys, also they are very tough, difficult to remove and Uric acid stones form when the level of uric acid in the urine is too high but kidney stones can also be cured if the patient corrects his eating habits and if he manages the diet with medicines.
Some Major Factors to Eliminate Kidney StonesIt works on your overall health like a miracle, if you are a kidney stone patient start to drink plenty of water every day and add some lemon juice to it because lemon contains citrate, which helps to prevent calcium build-up. This will help make sure that you urinate frequently to avoid any settle down of calcium or uric acid. You should drink 2-3 quarts of liquid or 8-12 cups in a day to produce a good amount of urine. Take special care of your kidneys in the summer season, during summers our bodies get dehydrated it releases more sweat during this season stone patients get more troubled. If you do gym you’ll take protein to keep your body muscles fit, then keep in mind that the source of protein should be natural but take that too in the limit. It is better for you if you’re a stone patient completely avoid protein. Because the main parts of kidney stones are protein and calcium. Try to avoid soft drinks (especially those that contain a high amount of fructose), sweetened iced tea, and TETRA pack juices.
What type of diet should a person follow to prevent renal stones?As every person is different, their body’s tendency is also different from each other, in the same way, there is a separate diet chart for everyone. Let we talk about the most common variant of kidney stone and their diet recommendations: Most people have calcium oxalate stone
- Limiting intake of these foods is beneficial for those people who form calcium oxalate stones which is the leading type of kidney stone Leafy greens, legumes, including fruits and vegetables, nuts and seeds, grains, chocolate, tea, and most other plant foods contain a nutrient called oxalate or oxalic acid. Some examples of food items containing oxalate are Soy Products, Almonds, Potatoes, Beets, Raspberries, and Dates.
- Consuming an additional amount of milk or milk products like yoghurt and cheese can also be a loss-making deal for kidney stone patients, due to their use, the stone grows rapidly. Don't reduce too much calcium in your diet. Cut down sodium also in your diet and pair calcium-rich foods with oxalate-rich foods. The recommended calcium intake to prevent calcium oxalate stones is 1000-1200 mg per day.
- It is estimated that we need about 500 mg of sodium per day for these vital functions. But too much sodium intake in your diet can lead to the formation of kidney stones as well as high blood pressure, heart disease, and stroke. It can also cause calcium leakage through urine, some of which may be dragged from bones. There are many bad sources of sodium such as canned food, packed chips, etc. Therefore, high sodium diet can increase the chances of developing another stone in your body.
- You can reduce your sodium intake by choosing fresh low sodium foods which can help to lower calcium leakage in the urine and will also help with blood pressure control if you have high blood pressure.